Can Christians Practice Ramadan?

Today’s post is by Paul Jenkins. Paul is a self-identified writing newbie, theology-lover, and in his better moments, an amateur evangelist. Paul and his wife, Susannah, attend Harvest Bible Chapel in London, Ontario. Paul co-authors the blog Laodecia Press and can be found on Twitter at @PJenkins70.

In Islam, Ramadan is a special month which is devoted to fasting, prayers, self-examination, scripture recital and reading, and deeds of charity. It is really interesting to read about this holiday which is certainly more religious for the average Muslim than Christmas is for the average professed ‘Christian’. The mandatory nature of this holiday is due to it being part of the fourth pillar of Islam.

What is even more interesting about Ramadan is that many of the main practices of this occasion are compliant with Christian beliefs and practices. The Bible specifically teaches on, and in some cases, commands Christians to do many of these things. Prayer, acts of charity and generosity, fasting, and reading/memorization/recital of Scripture are clearly laid out as acts that give glory to God. The Bible even references occasionally abstaining from marital relations for a time (1 Corinthians 7:5), which is part of Ramadan.

There are things that I admire about orthodox Muslims who practice Ramadan. They demonstrate a lot of discipline, self-control, devotion, and dedicate themselves to their scriptures. Conservative Muslims also demonstrate a lot of concern to follow orthodox, historical doctrines of their faith. Sadly, many Christians are devoid of these qualities.

On the surface, Ramadan seems like a holiday that even a Christian could practice. But the Bible says this:

“For the Lord sees not as man sees: man looks on the outward appearance, but the Lord looks on the heart.”

(1 Samuel 16:7b)

A Muslim would probably agree with this principle. But beyond the outward rituals, what is Ramadan really about?

In my reading, which did include more than just Twitter (searching #Ramadan is really interesting – try it), much of the spirit of Ramadan is to ‘earn your Paradise’,1 and to receive forgiveness for your sins by demonstrating your devotion to the Qur’an and cleansing yourself from your sin. Everything is on a scale – ensuring that your level of commitment and self-denial can outweigh the negative effects of your sins. In a sense, the obedience to Allah is done to show that you are a good Muslim, and want to do everything possible to ensure you reach Paradise.

Ramadan is a perfect example of the radical difference between biblical Christianity and Islam. Islam, along with many other religions, seeks to earn the favor and forgiveness of God by obeying his commands. The good deeds must outweigh the bad deeds on God’s cosmic scale. Whether this is 5 pillars, 10 commandments, attaining Nirvana, increasing Karma, or any of the countless rules and regulations found within each religion, the foundation is always that I must do for God to love and forgive me.

Whenever I ask someone if they know what happens when they die, the following response is fairly typical: ‘I’m a good person, and so I think God will forgive me and reward my good deeds’. Muslims obviously have a developed theology, and specific commands to follow in order to please God, but the same hope in our own works remains. If you have been a good enough Muslim – your good deeds outweigh the bad, and then perhaps you have earned Allah’s forgiveness.

Now contrast this with the Christian message:

“The God who made the world and everything in it, being Lord of heaven and earth, does not live in temples made by man, nor is he served by human hands, as though he needed anything, since he himself gives to all mankind life and breath and everything.”

(Acts 17:24-25)

God is righteous, holy, loving, and merciful. He has created us in His image to worship and enjoy Him forever, yet we have willfully turned away and committed sin against him. We have lied, stolen, lusted, coveted, cursed, and more – all of which heap God’s just punishment upon us. Even though there are varying degrees of sin and subsequent consequences, all of our sins are against a good and holy God.

“Against you, you only, have I sinned” (Psalm 51:4a)

As a result, even the good works that we all do are often tainted by poor underlying motivations – not the least of which is trying to please God with good works – rather than the biblical response which is repentance and faith.

As a result, even ‘..our righteous deeds are like a polluted garment’ (Isaiah 64:6).

By nature, we are completely incapable of pleasing this perfect and holy God in our own strength. We need intercession; a substitute. This substitute is Jesus Christ, who laid down his life for the sake of men. He accomplished what we couldn’t accomplish. By His sacrifice, unclean people (us) can have our guilt removed, and our sins atoned for (Romans 5:8). Even more than that, we could be adopted into God’s family (Romans 8:15). Taking hold of this gift can be likened to taking hold of and putting on a parachute. We must turn from our sins, and trust Christ for his forgiveness in a similar way.

The God of Islam offers no such promise of salvation. You must work, strain, and beg.

In my view, Allah’s justice and mercy are constantly conflicting. If he is truly good, how can he dismiss sin with no payment? In a court, can a judge let a justly condemned murderer or thief go free and still be just? Can the future good works of the convict remove the sentence for his crime?

The answer is no. But the God of the Bible extends his mercy to this criminal not arbitrarily, but because the judge Himself steps down from the platform and pays his fine in full with His life. So God is just, but he is also merciful and forgiving. This is the key difference.

Does Ramadan seem like a pious thing to observe? From the outside, yes. But God looks to the heart. Our souls need to be cleansed from the stain of sin, which no amount of good works can achieve.

When the object and source of our salvation is the Lord and not ourselves, we can experience the joy of grace not dependent upon human will or exertion.

“Now to the one who works, his wages are not counted as a gift but as his due. And to the one who does not work but believes in him who justifies the ungodly, his faith is counted as righteousness.” (Romans 4:4-5)

Originally posted at Laodecia Press.

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  • Steve Martin

    Yes. A Christian can practice Ramadan.

    But why would he/she want to?

    We have been freed from all that navel-gazing religion by our Lord Jesus who has accomplished everything needful for us, on the cross.


  • Paul Williams

    Hi Paul,

    you wrote:
    ‘If you have been a good enough Muslim – your good deeds outweigh the bad, and then perhaps you have earned Allah’s forgiveness.’
    As a convert from evangelical Christianity to Islam I must say I do not recognise this view as Islamic teaching.
    We are ultimately admitted to paradise solely through the mercy of God not through our works – as authentic hadith teach.
    I debated a good friend (an evangelical pastor/academic) on this very subject last year:


  • Paul Jenkins

    Mr. Williams,

    I have heard of you and your work before – I will definitely listen to the debate you have posted.

    The primary question I would pose to you is this: If Allah is truly good, pure and righteous, by what means can he extend grace to the sinner? Is this not arbitrary and ultimately contradictory to his nature?

    This is why the doctrine of substitutionary atonement in Christianity is so central to our understanding of God’s love and grace to his people.

    Thank you very much for reading, and commenting.


    • Paul

      Q: ‘The primary question I would pose to you is this: If Allah is truly good, pure and righteous, by what means can he extend grace to the sinner? Is this not arbitrary and ultimately contradictory to his nature?’

      A: It is called ‘mercy’ and ‘forgiveness’. Jesus taught a lot about it in the gospels – go read.

      Also, I discuss all this in my debate

      • Theo

        Are you saying there is no methodological difference between the forgiveness and mercy offered by God and the forgiveness and mercy offered by Allah?

        Debate James White.

        • Paul Williams

          i do not understand your question, but i refer you to the teaching of Jesus concerning God’s forgiveness and God’s mercy as reported in the synoptic gospels. Perhaps you are unfamiliar with them?

          Also, you may have not heard, but I will not be debating White. The reasons are clearly stated on my blog.

      • Paul Jenkins

        Yes, scripture says that God is the ‘just and justifier of the wicked’ in Romans 3:26. God shows his righteousness by punishing sin – his wrath placed upon Christ at calvary, yet demonstrates his love towards sinners. God shows his ‘mercy’ and ‘forgiveness’, according to Romans 5:8-9 by killing his Son for the sake of men.
        He upholds his justice, yet demonstrates his mercy and forgiveness.
        My charge is that Allah’s mercy is in direct conflict with his justice, and has no way to reconcile the two logically. The God of the Bible does.
        I would suggest this would be a perfect debate topic between yourself and Dr. James White.

        • Paul Williams

          Paul, did you even bother to read my reply above?

          Q: ‘The primary question I would pose to you is this: If Allah is truly good, pure and righteous, by what means can he extend grace to the sinner? Is this not arbitrary and ultimately contradictory to his nature?’A: It is called ‘mercy’ and ‘forgiveness’. Jesus taught a lot about it in the gospels – go read.

  • Bal

    I am a Christian who fasts during Ramadan however, there are some differences. The main one is that I fast for 40 days practicing in acknowledgement of the fast that Jesus Christ practiced in the wilderness. The second difference is that I only eat pure foods when breaking the fast. This means no meat and no preservative type of processed foods. The disciplines practiced eating a strict vegetarian diet during a period of intense prayer and collaboration.

    During Ramadan I share my spirituality with my muslim brothers and sisters. We focus on all the common things that unite us rather than divide us. We talk about our love for God and all the things that during a fast, gives rise to address things that get in the way. It is a common desire to know God in a deeper and more intimate relationship.

    Looking at the posts, I need to share my clarification that the word “Allah” in arabic means God. Arab christians use the same word and this word is what we can use to start the conversation on common grounds.

    Imagine the impact us Christians can have when we all fast in prayer and share our love for God with our fellow brothers and sisters. This is the same desire of everybody practicing Ramadan. It is a conscious decision that I made out of a revelation I had to share Gods love.

    It’s not about converting, it’s about uniting in solidarity, praying fervently, fasting biblically, drawing closer to God and sharing our love for each other and God.