The “Reproof Plus Correction” Package

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Paul writes that “all Scripture is . . . profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, and for training in righteousness.” The package of “reproof plus correction” is critical to our understanding of how the pastor is to contend for God’s people. To offer reproof means to confront error, declaring in no uncertain terms that some particular idea, attitude, or action is wrong. But reproof is insufficient in itself. Reproof identifies the problem, but doesn’t clarify the solution. The “Don’t do that” must be followed by, “Instead, do this, and here’s why.”

Indeed, when Paul addressed the Corinthians in the face of their rampant failures of self-control, he didn’t stop at “Quit it!” and so promote mere morality. He began with reproof, but then moved on to correction, calling them back to a holy and self-controlled life, and pleading with them to recall the grace of Christ. Paul emphatically reminded the Corinthians that they were a people purchased by Christ, that God was at work among them, and that they were to live in light of that truth. He reproved them for their error, but then he also corrected it. Faithful pastoring and preaching must do likewise.

from Contend: Defending the Faith in a Fallen World (Cruciform Press, 2012)

Rick Holland: Nine Characteristics of a Healthy Church #BoldCon

Dr. Rick Holland is Senior Pastor of Mission Road Bible Church and the author of Uneclipsing the Son. The following are my notes from Dr. Holland’s final session at the BOLD Church Conference on October 2, 2012 (paraphrased).

We need to understand how the Church should sound when it’s healthy and when it’s unhealthy. Are we Ecclesiologists who can diagnose what’s wrong and what’s right in the church?

In Titus 1, Paul instructs Titus on how to set up healthy parameters in the church, how to create healthy self-diagnostics, how to recognize what sounds indicate something wrong and what sounds indicate what’s right.

Self-diagnosis is almost unheard of in the church today. When there’s trouble, people typically leave.

How do you self-diagnose in the church? That’s what Paul’s writing to Titus in this letter. What I want to do is look at this entire epistle at a lightning fast pace—so we can get our marching orders for having a healthy church.

I’ve been able to find nine characteristics of a healthy church: [Read more…]

Albert Mohler: Defending the Gospel #BoldCon

Albert Mohler is the President of Southern Baptist Theological Seminary in Louisville, Kentucky and the author of numerous books, including Atheism Remix and He is Not Silent. The following are my notes from Dr. Mohler’s final session at the BOLD Church Conference in Columbus, Nebraska on October 2, 2012 (paraphrased).

Our calling [as pastors] is actually very easy to understand—it is to read the word of God, to explain the word of God and then to go home and do it all again. It takes a lot of confusion to mess up a calling that clear—not simple, but clear.

Over the last few days, we’ve looked at the need for Christians to defend the Christian worldview and specifically marriage and then the need for us to defend life and the dignity of mankind, and now we’re looking at the defense of the gospel. And we’ll be looking at a lengthy text, John 6:22-71.

When you look at this passage, it’s important to recognize patterns. When you look at the beginning chapter six, we have the feeding of the 5,000. And if you’re a [theological] liberal, you’ve got a problem. Some will just say it shouldn’t be there. Others [more creatively] say that this is a demonstrating of Jesus’ ability to melt the human heart—that the people had food but weren’t sharing. But the Word of God says that Jesus took five loaves and two fishes and multiplied them miraculously. There were no skeptics there on that day. There were those who were hungry and then those who were fed.

But we also see a perfect example of the “what have you done for me lately” crowd. These people pay careful attention to the boats and where Jesus is going and “just happen” to show up where he is, saying “Oh, Jesus, nice to see you here…”

And Jesus, with his perfectly omniscient nonsense detector, calls them out on their sin. He calls them out and tells them “Yesterday was about the bread that perishes; today is about the bread of life.”

You’d think that they’d have shrunk away from this rebuke, but they didn’t. Instead, they stay and keep asking questions.

They ask, “What must we do to be doing the work of God?”

This is a dangerous question in ministry because no one does the works of God. And Jesus tells them they must believe in Him—that is the work of God. And yet, they continue to press, and ask for a sign—even going so far as to suggest the sign: Bread from heaven.

Jesus then said to them, “Truly, truly, I say to you, it was not Moses who gave you the bread from heaven, but my Father gives you the true bread from heaven. For the bread of God is he who comes down from heaven and gives life to the world.” They said to him, “Sir, give us this bread always.” (John 6:32-34 ESV)

And Jesus responds, “I am the bread of life; whoever comes to me shall not hunger, and whoever believes in me shall never thirst.” (John 6:35 ESV) He tells them that he came to give them the bread of life, not to feed from Him, but to feed of Him.

Jesus uses the words “I am.” Some scholars will tell you that Jesus never made the claim of divinity, but there’s no doubt that his hearers would have understood him to be doing exactly that in this moment—“I AM the bread of life, I AM the one who spoke from the burning bush…”

This is not a seeker sensitive message.

There are two bookends in John 6 that should assist us in our understanding of the gospel; both are necessary for us to hang our theology upon.

The first is verse 37:

All that the Father gives me will come to me, and whoever comes to me I will never cast out. (John 6:37 ESV)

This tells us that Jesus’ atonement is complete and perfect. It’s so complete and perfect that even before His death He can say that all whom the Father gives them will come and will never be cast out.

We are secure in Christ, we are assured in our salvation in Christ. He did not come to offer a hypothetical, possible, tentative forgiveness of our sins. He came to give us an absolute promise. [Read more…]

Rick Holland: Living as Light in the Encroaching Darkness #BoldCon

Dr. Rick Holland is Senior Pastor of Mission Road Bible Church and the author of Uneclipsing the Son. The following are my notes from Dr. Holland’s second session at the BOLD Church Conference on October 1, 2012 (paraphrased).

In the first session I was able to share with you about how the gospel puts us in critical involvement with others in the church… and now I want to go a little bit higher and look at leaders in the Church. I want us to know what we are to expect from our leaders:

But I am afraid that as the serpent deceived Eve by his cunning, your thoughts will be led astray from a sincere and pure devotion to Christ. (2 Corinthians 11:3)

The Apostle Paul was perhaps the bravest Christian who ever lived. In Acts, he was told that everywhere he goes will include beatings, trial and persecution. He debated in the Areopagus, he stood against the council that killed Jesus… His fearlessness cost him, as we see beginning in v. 23:

Are they servants of Christ? I am a better one—I am talking like a madman—with far greater labors, far more imprisonments, with countless beatings, and often near death. Five times I received at the hands of the Jews the forty lashes less one. Three times I was beaten with rods. Once I was stoned. Three times I was shipwrecked; a night and a day I was adrift at sea; on frequent journeys, in danger from rivers, danger from robbers, danger from my own people, danger from Gentiles, danger in the city, danger in the wilderness, danger at sea, danger from false brothers; in toil and hardship, through many a sleepless night, in hunger and thirst, often without food, in cold and exposure. And, apart from other things, there is the daily pressure on me of my anxiety for all the churches. (2 Corinthians 11:23-28 ESV)

This was a man’s man, this was a masculine Christian. This was a fearless Christian. When the Roman Empire faced Paul it was steeped in hedonism. And when he died, it was shaken by the Christian faith. And yet we see in verse three that Paul says, “I am afraid.”

How can this be? What was he afraid of? He was afraid the Corinthians would defect from the most important person—Jesus. Paul believed in apostasy. The church had been infiltrated by false teachers… There were people all over who were professing to be believers but were false. And Paul comes to them and says, “Men, women I’m afraid.”

So I want to give you three theological commitments of healthy church leadership: [Read more…]

Rick Holland: What in the World is the Church Supposed To Be? #BoldCon

Dr. Rick Holland is Senior Pastor of Mission Road Bible Church and the author of Uneclipsing the Son. The following are my notes from Dr. Holland’s first session at the BOLD Church Conference on October 1, 2012 (paraphrased).

Therefore, brothers, since we have confidence to enter the holy places by the blood of Jesus, by the new and living way that he opened for us through the curtain, that is, through his flesh, and since we have a great priest over the house of God, let us draw near with a true heart in full assurance of faith, with our hearts sprinkled clean from an evil conscience and our bodies washed with pure water. Let us hold fast the confession of our hope without wavering, for he who promised is faithful. And let us consider how to stir up one another to love and good works, not neglecting to meet together, as is the habit of some, but encouraging one another, and all the more as you see the Day drawing near. (Hebrews 10:19-25)

The overwhelming responsibility of telling a man—everything you need to know you can find at this address—does this describe our churches?

Every Christian should be an ecclesiologist. Every Christian should know what the Bible says about what the Church is. Everyone should be able to answer questions about what the church is and what the church isn’t.

If the church is the bride of Christ, I wonder if sometimes Jesus is offended by how some people treat the Church as we would be if some men came up to our wives and slapped them across the face?

Some people wrongly equate the gospel with the church. You ask someone if they know the gospel and they’ll say, “Well, I don’t go to church.” This isn’t necessarily a bad connection, but going to a church and sitting in a seat doesn’t make you a Christian.

Where does our authority for the way we think about the Church come from?

You know these museum churches—I call them this because the church is really supposed to be a hospital for the soul—where we treat the building as something God’s supposed to be impressed with? There’s more about the covenant people of God in the Old Testament and the church in the New Testament coming together in worship that goes way beyond a building.

Hebrews is fundamentally a book of comparison. Jesus is compared to everything the people thought was important—angels, the Law, prophets… Compare Jesus to anything and He’ll always be found to be better and more fulfilling. And this builds and builds to chapter 10, which is the beginning of the “so-what”.  And the write shows how all these things, how Jesus is the once-for-all sacrifice, the High Priest, etc., fuel the Christians involvement in church. [Read more…]

Albert Mohler: Defending the Helpless #BoldCon

Albert Mohler is the President of Southern Baptist Theological Seminary in Louisville, Kentucky and the author of numerous books, including Atheism Remix and He is Not Silent. The following are my notes from Dr. Mohler’s second session at the BOLD Church Conference in Columbus, Nebraska on October 1, 2012 (paraphrased).

[Just as a baby comes out of his mother’s womb with a robust package of medical immunizations, culturally,] we received as a birthright an enormous set of immunization—an immune system that by our birthright was healthy. And instead of passing strength, we’re passing along one that became weaker and weaker.

What caused this? Sociologically speaking, it’s secularization. That gradually over time the belief in God will push further and further into the background. . . . My program Thinking in Public deals with these kinds of questions and a couple seasons ago, I was able to speak with Peter Berger, one of the leading figures in the secularization movement. And he’s lived long enough to retract it, although not completely.

He wrote an article explaining how the theory is exactly wrong—that while the secularization pattern is exactly right for Europe and the American university, but there’s been a resurgence of belief in God. . . . But Peter Berger had an amazing insight that’s amazing to me as a Christian about what happened in America, and it’s pluralization. It’s not the abandonment of belief, but the creation of a God who is more palatable.

The exchange of the God of the Bible for a “in case of emergency break glass” kind of God.

There’s been a massive moral and cultural shift in America, but before that happened there had to have been a massive theological shift—because these shifts would be impossible if you believe in the God of the Bible, the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. This is not the God that most Americans believe in when 90 percent say they believe in God.

It’s theologically incorrect to overstate how “Christian” America is. It’s not that our founding fathers were all Christians—many were not—but they inherited a Christian worldview that made sense. Their basic ideas of truth and morality… the liberties we enjoy—all were informed by this worldview.

When I was a boy in 1972, we lived in a world where it made sense that a 13-year-old boy would not know the term “homosexual” and to not get an answer. But today, we’ve got 5-year-olds learning about how Sally’s got two moms… we’re reaping the eclipse of the Christian worldview.

But as Christians, our job is not to convince others of the Christian worldview. That’s not evangelism. There are many people who are going to be in Hell who hold to a “Christian worldview”… But this eclipse is like the weakening of the immune system, where it’s just becoming weaker and weaker and weaker.

This morning, we’re looking at the defense of life. And this is just an amazing thing, where in the beginning of the great American experiment, there was this great value placed upon life, the individual… And yet today, we’re not even sure what “life” means.

We need a biblical framework for answering this question. To do that, we’ll look at Psalm 139.

You come to the 139th Psalm, and you find this symphonic declaration of God’s omnipresence. David begins with the personal knowledge of God – “you have searched me and known me.” And the internal knowledge —“you discern my thoughts from afar.” And David declares that there’s nowhere where God is not there.

We now live in a surveillance society. If you live in London (UK), you’re under constant surveillance if you’re outside of a private residence. . . . It’s harder and harder to get away with something, which is not necessarily a bad thing. But David knew this thousands of years ago. [Read more…]

Albert Mohler: Defending God’s Design for Marriage #BoldCon

Albert Mohler is the President of Southern Baptist Theological Seminary in Louisville, Kentucky and the author of numerous books, including Atheism Remix and He is Not Silent. The following are my notes from Dr. Mohler’s opening session at the Bold Church Conference in Columbus, Nebraska on September 30, 2012 (paraphrased).

I want to set forth a few things for us to think about because this conference isn’t just about boldness in ministry, but boldness in ministry about a few key subjects.

Everyone in his or her own sphere has a responsibility to be faithful on these issues… but at times boldness falters because we haven’t thought deeply enough, biblically enough, so we don’t know what to say.

The three big issues I want to speak on are:

  1. The defense of marriage and family
  2. The defense of life
  3. The defense of the gospel itself

There’s sufficient data to show us that younger evangelicals pay greater social capital in holding to these three areas… But tonight we’re going to be focusing on the defense of marriage and family. And one of the things we’ll see is that we’re ready to give an answer… the only problem is that we’re just not ready to give enough of an answer.

We’re expected to justify, to defend, everything. And the Christian preacher today is standing up and saying something that’s completely unheard of today. But, meekness matched with courage [boldness] is what we need today.

The world right now is talking about the legalization of same sex marriage. And it’s going to be a controversy for the rest of our lives—legalizing it isn’t going to change anything, anymore than Roe v. Wade changed anything in 1973.

In virtually any arena today, this issue is either being discussed or should be. I want us to kind of go backwards just a bit and consider how we’re to put together a framework for how we’re supposed to think about these kinds of things.

So how are we supposed to do that?  The best place to start is with Genesis.

One of the first things we need to recognize as we study this text, is that we are no smarter than the world. We didn’t come up with this. But by grace, the one true and living God has spoken and we know what we otherwise wouldn’t know.

In the beginning, God created the heavens and the earth. (Genesis 1:1 ESV)

If God created the world, then the entirety of the world is his responsibility. If God created the world, then the entirety of the world is part of his plan.

So when we look at a question like this, we need to go back and look at what God intended.

In Gen. 2, we come to a crucial passage that tells us Adam had the responsibility to name all the creatures of the earth. “Then the LORD God said, ‘It is not good that the man should be alone; I will make him a helper fit for him’” (Genesis 2:18 ESV). Notice that this isn’t followed by the creation of the woman, but Adam fulfilling his responsibility of naming the creatures of the earth.

Note that Adam didn’t note his own need—his Creator did. Adam didn’t know his own need yet. How does Adam find that out? First, through the act of dominion. He, the only one made in God’s image, names all the critters—they don’t name him.

God made one creature and one creature alone in His image, and that means to rule and we have the capacity to consciously know Him. The tiger, the giraffe, have the capacity to glorify Him, but not consciously. And God exercises this responsibility.

The Lord God had said, it’s not good for man to be alone. But what does he note? That there was not a helper fit for him [Adam]. [Read more…]

Jesus is the Glory of God


Jesus Christ is the Creator of the universe. Jesus Christ is the Alpha and Omega, the first and the last. Jesus Christ, the Person, never had a beginning. He is absolute Reality. He has the unparalleled honor and unique glory of being there first and always. He never came into being. He was eternally begotten. The Father has eternally enjoyed “the radiance of the glory of God and the exact imprint of his nature” (Hebrews 1:3) in the Person of his Son.

Seeing and savoring this glory is the goal of our salvation. “Father, I desire that they also, whom you have given me, be with me where I am, to see my glory that you have given me” (John 17:24). To feast on this forever is the aim of our being created and our being redeemed.

John Piper, Seeing and Savoring Jesus Christ (p. 25)

The Gospel Always Faces Facts

Martyn Lloyd-Jones

The trouble I find with psychology is that it is simply an attempt to give you quiet nerves instead of giving you a quiet heart. I want to be fair to psychology. It can give us, up to a point, quiet nerves, but that is not what we need—we need a quiet heart. Thank God for something that, as far as it goes, can give us quiet nerves, but do you want to be at rest on the surface or do you want to be at rest in the very depths and vitals of your being? It is at that point that the gospel claims that it, and it alone, can meet and satisfy our deepest need, and here in John 14 we are told exactly how it does that. . . .

What seems to me to be so entirely different about the gospel, at the very beginning, is that it always faces facts, it is always realistic, it never conceals anything. Read these chapters of John’s Gospel, and you will find that our Lord brought these men face-to-face with the very worst, whereas all the other teachings and philosophies try to hide the worst from us. My heart will not be really quiet until I have been told the very worst and faced it, and then I can surmount it. I do not believe in a teaching that simply plays tricks with me. I have no use for a philosophy that tells me there is no such thing as matter, and because of that there can be no pain, and therefore I do not have pain—when I know there is pain. I know that may work psychologically; it may convince me for a time—I believe the lie and am relieved. But I do not merely want to be relieved of my pain. I want the disease to be faced and tackled.

Martyn Lloyd-Jones, Let Not Your Heart Be Troubled (Kindle Edition)

“Exactly the Kind of Book the Church Needs in Our Moment”

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This week I’ve been very fortunate to see a number of kind words come into my inbox about my next book, Contend: Defending the Faith in a Fallen WorldHere’s what Owen Strachan and Dr. Peter Jones have to say about Contend:

Contend, by one of evangelicalism’s most promising young writers and thinkers, is exactly the kind of book the church needs in our moment. We are tempted today on every side to be meek as a mouse. Christianity is many things, but it is not—it cannot be—anodyne. Armstrong’s gospel-saturated writing, coupled with deeply instructive practical examples, will equip the church to be as bold as a lion, and to roar as Luther, Calvin, Spurgeon and Machen before us.

—Owen Strachan, Assistant Professor of Christian Theology and Church History, Boyce College; coauthor, Essential Edwards Collection

At a time of great theological confusion and emotional calls to content-less “unity,” a time of politically-correct “can’t-we-all-get-alongism,” here is a balanced and passionate appeal especially to young believers from a young author, Aaron Armstrong, to take seriously their commitment to Jesus in all areas of life, both individually and in community, contending for the Faith, using both their minds and their hearts in defense of the Truth, in the manner laid out by the apostle Jude. May this call be heard far and wide.

—Dr. Peter Jones, Executive Director, truthXchange

Contend is due to be released early next week and is still available for pre-order from Cruciform Press.

Links I Like

Who Are You? Our Astonishing New Identities

Mark Altrogge:

Most of us have no problem identifying ourselves as sinners. But that’s not the sum total of our identity. In fact the most important part of our identity is who we are in Christ.

$5 Friday at Ligonier

Today is $5 Friday at This week’s offerings include:

  • Creation or Chaos: Modern Science and the Existence of God (Audio & Video Download)
  • Saved From What? by R.C. Sproul (eBook)
  • John Calvin: A Heart for Devotion, Doctrine, and Doxology by Burk Parsons (Hardcover)

Fighting with Scripture

Micah Fries:

Recently I’ve been thinking through our commitment to Scripture’s veracity. More specifically, I have been searching my own personal commitment to the integrity and efficacy of Scripture. As I have thought through this, it occurs to me that although the fight for the reliability of Scripture is much different in my day than it was 20 years ago, it certainly still remains. See, when I grew up, the great enemy of the gospel was almost always known as “liberalism”, or possibly, “moderate theology”. Today, however, it seems that we must equally be on guard against a different enemy. This new enemy is just as old as the first, but it is often more difficult to spot. Of course, it would be the enemy of legalism.

Does Your Church Have Policies and Practices to Protect Against Pastoral Failures?

Thabiti Anyabwile:

While working on a chapter for an upcoming book, I had the blessing of researching the moral failures of several prominent church pastors.  I say “blessing” because it was enlightening to observe some common dynamics and failures in the scandals.  In most cases, men who should have been disqualified were back in their pulpits or establishing new ministries within months.  In most cases, churches were seriously injured by the transgressions and hurt further by the inadequate efforts at redress.  In all the cases, the offending pastor received more attention and support than the victims of his abuse or deceit.  It was a sobering exercise.

Forgiveness by Jacob Abshire


There are some books of the Bible that are sadly neglected by many, perhaps most, Christians. Philemon is one of those. Tucked between Titus and Hebrews, its 25 verses contain some of the Apostle Paul’s most powerful words on forgiveness, words we would do well to heed.

We’re confused about what forgiveness means in our culture—so much so that we rarely use the word anymore. We think saying ‘sorry’ when we’ve done something wrong (or sometimes just when we feel bad) is enough. But forgiveness is so much more—because, at its core, forgiveness is a gospel issue. Indeed, without the gospel, there is no true forgiveness.

Jacob Abshire understands this and it’s what I so appreciate about his book, Forgiveness: A Commentary on Philemon. In this book, Abshire unpacks the message of Paul’s oft-neglected (and sometimes misunderstood) letter while showing readers how forgiveness brings life to the gospel-saturated, Spirit-filled heart and flows out of that same heart in response.

Forgiveness was a welcome surprise, for several reasons. First, commentaries typically lean heavier on the technical side, which, while helpful for study, makes many impenetrable for the average reader. By keeping Forgiveness grounded in common language, Abshire offers a very comfortable and accessible look at Philemon.

More importantly, Abshire’s examination this short epistle leaves the readers appropriately challenged, convicted and encouraged. Like Paul does with Philemon, Abshire doesn’t use Paul’s words as an opportunity to coerce readers into forgiving others. There’s no strong-arming or ham-fisted applications of the many commands to forgive we find in Scripture. Instead, Abshire (like Paul) reminds us that forgiveness and reconciliation is not so much a feeling, but a work of grace:

We often say that we have forgiven another person, yet we fail to take the first and foremost step – we fail to receive them. Without this crucial step, we fail to truly forgive. For this reason, forgiveness is not merely a feeling deep down inside that we may have. It is a commitment of the mind and will to another person. It is a commitment of grace that brings about the restoration of friendship and unity. Since it is lasting, it requires work. (p. 79)

Driven by devotion to the Word of God, Forgiveness provides much-needed assistance to those seeking to better understand Paul’s letter to Philemon while encouraging readers to respond faithfully the call to forgive those who wrong us. As those who have been forgiven of so much, how can we do otherwise? I trust readers will be blessed as they carefully read and apply this important work.

Title: Forgiveness: A Commentary on Philemon
Author: Jacob Abshire
Publisher: Truth411 (2012)

Links I Like

Divorce Rate Among Christians? Not So Much

Glenn Stanton:

“Christians divorce at roughly the same rate as the world!”

It’s one of the most quoted stats by Christian leaders today. And it’s perhaps one of the most inaccurate.

Presumptuous or Optimistic Parenting?

David Murray:

You don’t need to believe in infant baptism to risk falling into the presumption that if you do x, z, and z, your children will be saved. Baptists and my fellow home-schoolers can do this too at times. That’s why I usually call this “presumptuous parenting” rather than “hyper-covenantal parenting.” It’s a problem that impacts more than infant-baptizing churches.

Ten words changed the world

Ray Ortlund:

“In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth.”  Genesis 1:1

Those ten words changed the world.  How?  By giving us the precious gift of rational thought.

What Makes a Good Book Review?

Barnabas Piper:

The best book reviews are the ones that avoid the pitfall of objectivity because in reviewing books there no such thing. Sure, there are good comparisons to give a sense of objective placement – this book is similar to that one, the author writes dialogue like that other author, the prose resembles so-and-so’s – but when it comes to the quality of the book objectivity is mostly out the window. Rather than claiming to provide an objective perspective, a good review claims to provide the author’s perspective and then argues it well. Here’s why claims of objectivity should not be trusted.

The Gospel and Modesty

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When we think about modesty, it’s easy to look at the external—how much is or isn’t showing, that sort of thing. But there’s so much more to modesty than merely the external appearance. Modesty has to do with the heart. I love the way that RW Glenn and Tim Challies put it Modest: Men and Women Clothed in the Gospel:

When it comes to modesty we define the term too narrowly (our first mistake) and then surround ourselves with rules like “only this low,” “at least this long,” “never in this combination,” and “never so tight that _______ shows.” In fairly short order, the gospel is replaced with regulations. Indeed, in this particular area, the regulations become our gospel—a gospel of bondage rather than freedom.

The truth we are missing in all this mess is that the gospel of grace informs and gives shape to what it means to be modest.

Modesty without the gospel is prudishness. Modesty divorced from the gospel becomes the supposed benchmark of Christian maturity—perhaps especially for women—and a perch of self-righteous superiority from which to look down on others who “just don’t get it.” You may find yourself exclaiming disbelief about someone else’s wardrobe: “Can’t she see what she is (not) wearing?”

Modesty, apart from the gospel, becomes a self-made religion that can give some appearance of being the genuine article but that is in the end of no value (none!) in our battle with the sinful and inordinate desires of our hearts. If we reduce modesty to certain rules of dress, we are completely separating the concept of modesty from the person and work of Jesus Christ. As a result, we may have the appearance of godliness, but not a whole lot more.

RW Glenn & TIm Challies, Modest: Men and Women Clothed in the Gospel (pp. 12-13)

Question: How does the gospel inform your understanding of modesty?